How To Prevent Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) With Food

Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss for those aged 55 and older in the United States, affecting more than 10 million Americans. Age-related macular degeneration is caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina, the inside back layer of the eye that records images and send them via the optic nerve from the eye to brain. The retina’s central portion, known as the macular is in charge of focusing central vision in the eye. It controls our ability to read, recognize faces and colors, drive a car, and see objects in fine detail.

As people get older, chances for developing the eye disease increases. Since AMD has few symptoms in its early stages, it is important to have your eyes examined regularly.

Although there is no cure for age-related macular degeneration there are treatments available to maintain vision loss. There is also clear evidence that certain dietary choices can help slow vision loss. Here’s a list of foods to consider packing for lunch or making for dinner to help in the fight against age-related macular degeneration.

Foods organized in pie chart

Fruits & Vegetables

Antioxidants are protective for AMD; therefore you should 5 – 9 servings of fruits and vegetables a day. While this may sound like a lot, a serving is really only half a cup of most foods or one cup of leafy greens.


Fresh veggies – Baby carrots, cherry tomatoes, snap peas, and precut vegetables are quick and easy to snack on.

Add vegetables to sandwiches, wraps and salads – Chop up portions of broccoli, bell peppers and celery, and don’t forget to pile on the fresh mixed greens and spinach.

Frozen veggies – Try frozen vegetables you can steam in the package. These are great if you’ve got a microwave available in your office kitchen and are looking for a quick, healthy lunch.


Whole fruits – Bananas, apples, oranges, clementines, pears, grapes, nectarines and peaches are easy to grab and go for a healthy snack.

Canned fruit – Try individual serving cups or cans of mandarin oranges, peaches or fruit cocktails that are canned in juice, not syrup.

Whole Grains

Incorporate whole grains into your meals. Consider making that sandwich or lunch wrap on 100% whole wheat bread or a whole wheat wrap or pita. If you’re trying to cut back on carbohydrates in your diet, consider a low-carb version instead. You can also try quinoa or quick-cooking barley.


Try incorporating some of these foods filled with protein into your daily lunch:

Canned tuna
Reduced-sodium canned beans
Hard boiled eggs
Unsalted nuts
Reduced-sodium lean deli meat such as turkey, chicken or roast beef


Some dairy products to add to your daily diet: Skin or 1% milk. Choose soymilk or almond milk if you are lactose intolerant.

Light yogurt or non-fat Greek yogurt. Choose plain varieties as those that are flavored usually have more carbohydrates.

Cottage cheese


Individuals who eat fish two to three time a week have a lower risk for AMD. Fish contains omega-3, which is a critical nutrient for a healthy heart and eyes.

Some Extras for Flavor

Hot sauce
Light salad dressing
Balsamic vinegar
Olive oil
Lime and lemon juice

It does take some planning, but bringing a homemade lunch and additional healthy snacks to work is an easy step toward a healthier lifestyle and better vision.

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